On 11th and 12th July 2012, the Nature Research Center (Institute of Botany), in Vilnius, held the 3rd meeting of the Grundtvig Plant Wild project.
11th July 2012 – Presentations on sustainable wild harvesting and visit to the medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) collection of the Laboratory of Economic Botany
During the first day, all the partners presented the current situation of the sustainable wild harvesting of MAPs in their countries and the challenges for implementing training, taking into account:
- Wild Harvesting and sustainability State of Art. Commercial use /Non commercial use
- Wild Harvesting Legal Framework
- Wild Harvesting Guidelines and certification
- Sustainable Wild Harvesting Training. Existing training / Need on SWH and future training
Ms. Roser Melero from the Forest Sciences Center of Catalonia explained the current situation of the MAPs wild harvesting in Spain and stated the difficulty for obtaining real data on sustainability of this activity, taking into account that few of them are regulated and many of them are non-commercial but harvested for domestic purposes. She also presented two cases on sustainable harvesting techniques for two species commercially obtained from the wild in the Pyrenees: Gentiana lutea and Arctostaphylos uva-ursi.
Nazim Sekeroglu from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Kilis 7 Aralik Univesity, listed the most important wild species with commercial use and the traditional harvest and post-harvest techniques being used for MAPs as well as the good practices trainings implemented in the territory. He complemented the information with the sustainable wild harvesting state of art of Thymbra spicata, known as “Zahter”.
Ana Maria Barata from the Instituto Nacional de Recursos Biológicos, Banco Português de Germoplasma Vegetal, presented a detailed study of the situation of sustainable wild harvesting of MAPs and the lack of control on this activity in Portugal, with the collaboration of Filomena Rocha, Violeta Lopes from the same institution, and Ana Maria Carvalho, from Escola Superior Agrária de Bragança, Joaquim Morgado, from “Ervital” company and Luis Alves, from “Cantinho das aromaticas” company. At the end, a study case on Vaccinium myrtillus for leaves use in the North of Portugal was presented.
Ms. Jolita Radusiene from the Laboratory of Economic Botany, Institute of Botany of the Nature Research Centre (Lithuania) xplained the importance of the flora in Lithuania for people incomes as Forest is still a good non-wood products source, mainly mushrooms and berries, but also MAPs harvesting quantities have been increased the last years. In addition to this, Ms. Birutė Karpavičienė presented the sustainable wild harvesting case of Allium ursinum.
At the end of each presentation, the partners discussed on the common characteristics and the challenges to reach successful results of sustainable wild harvesting through training, and agreed on working on a final document with some conclusions and recommendations.
Furthermore, the team of the Laboratory of Economic Botany, showed to the attendants the beautiful building of the Institute of Botany, ancient residence of the bishop, an the fields where they maintain a collection of wild populations of plants from Lithuania, mainly medicinal ones, for conservation purposes.